Exploring the Jewish Scriptures – The Story of the Old Testament

Exploring the Jewish Scriptures

Did you know that your Bible has Jewish Scriptures in it?

The Jewish Scripture, also known as the Hebrew Scripture, Tanakh, or what Christians call today as the Bible’s Old Testament, is defined by britannica.com as the, “collection of writings that was first compiled and preserved as the sacred books of the Jewish people.”

It wasn’t specifically determined when the collection of these Jewish Scriptures began but Dr. Edgar Battad Ebojo said that it probably started around 400 BC in his work, How the Bible Came to Us.

The Old Testament was divided into parts. Some resources would have it in 5 categories but according to biblehub.com, Jews were accustomed to divide it into 3 parts.

1st is the Torah, also known as The Pentateuch or The Law which pertains to the Old Testament’s first 5 books (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy).

The 2nd part is the Nevi’im or The Prophets which is further divided into sub-sections, The Former Prophets (Joshua, Judges, 1 and 2 Samuel, and 1 and 2 Kings), The Latter Prophets (Isaiah, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel), and The 12 Minor Prophets (Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi).

The 3rd and final part, the Ketuvim or The Writings which includes the Poetical books (Psalms, Proverbs, and Job), The 5 Rolls (Song of Solomon, Ruth, Esther, Lamentations, and Ecclesiastes), and other books (Daniel, Ezra, Nehemiah, and 1 and 2 Chronicles).

Dr. Ebojo also said in his research that the collection of these Old Testament books, “continued while new books were being written as late as the 2nd Century B.C.”

Moreover, the decision as to what books should be included in the official Jewish Scripture were done by the Jewish Rabbis or Teachers, a process that progressed until 100 A.D according to Dr. Ebojo.

That’s it for a quick overview about the Bible’s Old Testament. Get to know how it was translated and developed through time on our next feature!

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